Permaculture design is defined as an ethical design science, so what are those ethics? 1) Earth Care
2) People Care 3) Fair share and return of surplus, setting limits. As a permaculture designer you should design systems that benefit the earth, look after people and any extra should be shared and returned to the system. The user should pay.
The permaculture flower also gives us different directions that Permaculture can take you, always based on the three core ethics.
If we define permaculture, we can look back to its origins. Permaculture was formed from two words permanent and agriculture, forming one-word Permaculture. Bill Mollison and David Holmgren of Australia are co-credited with co-creating the word and concept Permaculture. It is a design science that uses observation of the site, its climate, the animals and plants present among other elements to work out a way that we can maximise the inter connections between individual elements to form a resilient productive system that requires minimum inputs for maximum outputs. The meaning of permaculture has now transformed from permanent agriculture to permanent culture. Permaculture is not just about agriculture it embraces many systems and can be used in designing houses even cities, that can be significantly more efficient and requiring lower inputs. Many times Permaculture has used indigenous peoples practices as the model for long term sustainability
A permaculture garden aims to feed the owners of the house with a good variety of nutritious healthy organic fruit and vegetables. There is no need to use chemicals such as pesticides, if you have designed habitats where pest predators can live. There is no need to use artificial fertiliser if you can make your own amazing soil with composts. It is knowing how each element works and then placing them in a way that each element interacts with another in a beneficial way providing for our needs.
Check out https://www.permaculturenews.org/ for great Permaculture Design news articles.
Permaculture farming, is purposely designing a system that links individual elements together to reduce energy inputs and increase yield. For example, a chicken produces manure, and crops benefit from the nutrients in the chicken manure. By placing the chicken house uphill of the vegetable garden, gravity and rainfall will wash the nutrients from the chickens down to the plants. The output of one element feeds the needs of another. A permaculture farm, is a farm that has been designed by someone who has followed the ethics and principles of permaculture to design the permaculture farm
Courses that teach permaculture are generally giving an overview of what permaculture is, how you can use permaculture principles and permaculture design methodology. The students should finish a course feeling transformed and informed about how and why permaculture systems function and how everyone can use permaculture to design sustainable regenerative systems. After completing a course, you would be able to design your own garden and start to grow amazing healthy food, right there in your garden. With a bit of practice and experience you could also start designing gardens and farms for other people.
Permaculture courses can be taught in a number of ways. The most basic would be a simple short introduction to permaculture course or maybe a site tour, that lasted a few hours. Then you can have longer introduction permaculture courses that cover the main topics of the permaculture curriculum but don't go into them in too much depth. The main format that permaculture is taught, is what is called the PDC permaculture design certificate. These courses are taught using a curriculum that is based on the original Bill Mollison PDC structure. The course is taught over a minimum of 72 hours and students have to complete a final design project. Go to our courses page for full details.
Agriculture is a very broad term and you can say that Permaculture is a sub topic of agriculture, however if we think of agriculture as industrial farming, we get a very different perspective. When I consider industrial farming and agriculture, I think of large fields, mono culture, chemical sprays, mechanisation, long distance transportation, animals kept in small spaces and fed with hormones. This is factory farming, and the end product is low quality and full of chemicals which affect human health detrimentally. Permaculture on the other hand, promotes diversity, organic, free range animals, local solutions and production, with the end product being high in nutritional value, increasing human health, animals kept in good living conditions and actively benefiting the soil and absorption of atmospheric Carbon Dioxide.
© Love Grows (Generation Regeneration) 2022